Court can be a nightmare. If you go in unprepared and unsuspecting, you’re probably in for a surprise. Fortunately, there are plenty of ways to circumvent the uncertainty and drastically increase your chances of success.

If you’re trying to bring certain parties to the table and solve your legal issues once and for all, depositions by written questions may be absolutely critical to your case. At D&R Legal Process Service, LLC, our legal expertise is unparalleled. Your paperwork is filed and served efficiently and accurately for the best outcome possible.

The result? You increase the chance of reaching a resolution while avoiding the many headaches of court filings, party locating, and procedural conduct.

Make the most of any deposition. If your case may involve written questions, cross-questions, or even redirect questions (re-cross questions) on behalf of third-party defendants, it’s best to make sure your related documents get served accurately and quickly.

What Exactly Is a Deposition?

A deposition is a period in which parties of a civil lawsuit gain testimony from an under-oath witness. Under the applicable rule and law, a deposition may be used during court. Mostly, however, depositions are part of an information-gathering discovery period outside of court. 

A court reporter and others may perform the relevant officer’s duties throughout this period.

Depositions may be used at trial under three conditions:

  • The parties’ depositions violate their own interests;
  • A trial testimony contradicts a deposition; or
  • A witness is not available during the court trial.

A party should receive a notice about the deposition in the manner provided. Parties working with a law firm or legal team may be able to perform atypical actions if the court decides to grant leave of court.

Regardless of what happens at trial, a seasoned process server can promptly proceed to serve all critical documents before deposition. There are generally two types of depositions: in-person deposition done orally, or a written deposition.

Written Depositions vs Oral Depositions – The Breakdown

Under Rule 31, any person or party can be deposed with written questions. The written questions are submitted in advance, and upon the deposition by written questions, the deponent responds to the questions.

A deposition on written questions must be performed within a specified timeframe of receiving notice.

Meanwhile, oral depositions require the deponent’s attendance, are done before lawyers, and allow all parties to question the witness or person of import.

Direct Questions, Redirect Questions, and ALL Questions – What You Need to Know

Court isn’t a game. If you fail to adhere to certain rules, your whole case could be in jeopardy. That’s why you must know major state and federal rules, respect the legal status of other parties, and act consistent with those applicable rules, regulations, and laws.

Without a seasoned process server, this can be difficult. When you enlist legal services to help you with notification of the written or oral deposition of the other party, you need to ensure everything is perfect. This includes written questions, expectations of cross-questioning, supplementary questions directed to the deponent, and more.

A notice of deposition must be delivered promptly and successfully for this civil procedure to ultimately work.

What are Direct Questions, Cross Questions & Redirect Questions… and What Do They Do?

Work with papers

Firstly, let’s start with direct questions. These are typically part of a so-called direct examination in which the witness is asked a series of legal questions about the case. These questions help to elucidate the fundamental concerns and issues of the case, whether that be a general description, a descriptive title, or relevant information the plaintiff party seeks.

By comparison, cross-questions can be considered a type of rebuttal. A defendant’s attorney will serve cross-questions in an attempt to clarify a particular class of responses, challenge specific responses, or exploit holes and inconsistencies in the plaintiff’s approach to the deponent’s testimony.

Ultimately, cross-questions are employed to serve the defendant and help absolve the defendant of what may be presented in, or inferred from, the deposition.

Why It’s Imperative to Serve Redirect questions and Serve Cross Questions

Last but not least, is the category of redirect questions. During a trial, not all answers given are sufficient to be used against you. That’s why correctly serving redirect and cross questions could actually work in your favor. They can be used wisely in any in-person or written disposition. Redirect questions redirect the cross-questions. They can be used to dismiss, minimize, and/or challenge claims brought during cross-questioning.

Scales of Justice

If you have any questions about this process or need help finding the right professional process servers for your needs, don’t hesitate to reach out so we can ensure a fast, reliable and easy process service for you.

For example, is a general description sufficient for the answer? Are the depositions by written questions complicated or contradicting? What kind of answers are provided and how do they impact the case?

Was the deponent served the proper notice stating all relevant information? Did the opposing party obtain leave of court to conduct actions not typically permitted?

To ensure smoother proceedings for your trial, ensure first that your redirect and cross question documentation are securely and properly served and filed. That way, you can be sure your case can advance without unnecessary hindrances. The best process server near you can help you to achieve this.

Promptly Notify the Right Person or Party Using a Reliable Process Server

Whether you’re serving a public or private corporation, a governmental agency, a person, or other parties, you want a process server that understands the legal game and can serve and file critical documents properly and efficiently.

Promptly proceed toward your trial with confidence and ease. Before any deposition by written questions, get expert legal services to secure and serve the vital paperwork for your case. Every court-going person belongs under the wing of a top process server.

For effective service of your business records, subpoenas, writs, and more – contact D&R Legal Process Service, LLC, today and move toward a quicker and more favorable outcome!

Jason Burke

Jason Burke is a self-made man who knows that hard work pays off. He has dedicated his life to helping other people with their legal problems, and he loves every minute of it!

He has over 24 years of experience in the field, all of which are focused on serving papers. Jason serves papers regulatory and for the last couple of years has served almost everything in Alameda, Santa Clara, San Mateo and Western Contra Costa Counties himself.

He pepares every single proof of service that D&R Legal Process Service produces to ensure that clients receive the highest quality they have come to expect from them.

2 Responses

  1. Hello,

    My xspouse and I divorced over five years now. I have on several occasions spoke with him and we agreed that he was the one who wanted me to trade in my VW after I had just finished paying my VW in full. I was happy with no more car payments and was in really good shape; even The transmission (new). But my problem is that I can’t get tags if he surrendered my car to DMV. Said should get court ordered.

    Just was replaced who have been in business for 30 years plus and had a new transmission put in. In fact his truck was also taken there after breakdown near carceines Bridge. As my cousin (owner) paid for the tow .

    Anyhow . We finalized our divorce and I still was in full possession of my cart. He bought a new car and knowing then left my self and step daughter just abandoned us. My Brother who has been his brother too after meeting almost 30 years before . Was found with pancreatic cancer.

    Patrick was aware of this and since all of the cars we bought in the past were under my name as he was from New York he had a few DUI and had to take care of that. I have over 44 years of great driving according to my Insurance agent. Patrick had been deducting car payments and Insurance . And when Registration was due. I was workin2 jobs to pay place to stay. Owner of the home decided to sell the house and I didn’t have a home any longer nor a place to stay. We lived in that house for almost 20 years. Until he left and didn’t know he HDMI’s this all planned out as he didn’t even pick up any of his clothes, boots and tools for work.. he had already had a place to live perhaps with his new woman. My daughter and I was after crying, worried as to had happened. We had already lost my son to a rare disorder and at the time Patrick just abandoned : he and my daughter went to-see him. I had spoke with Patrick that I would stay with the car pay the monthly: Insurance-and tags.

    He was doing that and judge ordered him to pay for Alimony on the1st of every month for five years. $1000
    Was Zelled into my account: I paid for the my car Insurance Car payment and and worked 2 jobs to try to find. Place to live.

    I sent his lawyer at the time a letter to please give his client and she did. I didn’t contest the divorce their was a lot of illness and death in our family. My Beautiful son, My Brother, My nephew who served for our country in the Air Force, and The Greatest Father ever.
    I paid the car payment in full your honor and he never contacted me- I did not have a way to get a hold of him as he didn’t reveal his new number to me nor address. Yet I don’t understand how the yearly stickers which were sent to him because we agreed the car was still registered under his name because I had to find a home a job and i no longer had medical insurance to treat my TBI {trauma brain injury) and PTSD.
    (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Due to past relationships and the loss of my Son,) Brother, Nephew and My Wonderful Father

    I have paid in full the car payment and he turned it in DMV as Junk while I had a family emergency. Mom has stage 4 Cancer. JHe knows my phone number, my email and apparently knows where I live because my Stickers came every year. He never returns an email about anything like our QUADRO which I have emailed him about it. He never communicates with me. The Judge court ordered on our Divorce papers that he was to give me my 1000 alimony every month which he did. And at times was late so made me late for my rent. The owner sold the house and I was still working 2 jobs to get a place to rent.

    I could only put small momentous in small storage that are from my Son . Unfortunately I didn’t have the money to move to.I Lost all of My belongings Memory’s and Moments I treasured that will never be the same.

    Then he started deducting money from the alimony for the Insurance that I have had for 44 years. And the car payment without notice . And deducted from my Monthly Alimony that the Judge court ordered.
    To give to me every 1st of the month.

    I was out of town on family emergency and some man called me while I was getting gas and I didn’t know who he was. I’m not sure why he can’t address me …. Instead he turned in my pink slip/ Title as Junk w/ Intent to DMV he turned it in as JUNk. Only he can get my. I don’t have stickers and I should have all of these things on August .1st 2023.

    This has been keeping me from any work transportation Dr. Appointments. Please Help. In Jesus’s name I pray so that I can move on with my Life.

    Adaline Chavez


    he could get a hold of me.

    go against court ordered to pay thealimonyon thephonefot 5 years

    Anthony passed of a catastrophic skin disorders that only are 1 in a million. My Brother with pancreatic cancer and my young nephew after serving our country and my Wonderful zfatger

    for 20 years


    pick him up and drop off his truck to drop of so he could work on it on Monday
    drop off so he could work on it on Monday as this day was a Sunday.who owns the shopsent his own tow truck to pick up his truck towed to the shop
    from Benicia
    Bridge to Antioch. and to get worked on to put new transmission in. Thought I should get a new car. I didn’t want to becase I just paid off my last VW Beetle very recently.

    Hold of him visa/ versa

    1. As a process server, there isn’t anything I can do for you unless you need to have a Request for Order served on him that you filed with the court. But you will need to know his address, in order ot serve him.

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